Why should research be documented?
Research documentation at KI should be done in such a way that it is possible for employees and external colleagues to follow and review the research
Data produced in research at a higher education institution usually has this as the principal (huvudman). The research data that employed researchers collect or generate through a research project belongs to the university. KI owns all the documentation and research data you create at the university. This also applies in case of external financing.
This means that KI has a responsibility to protect data from eg. unauthorized access, and that KI decides to what extent research data should be disclosed in accordance with, e.g. the principle of public access.
For research projects conducted in collaboration with other universities or stakeholders, it is important to establish agreements to regulate collaboration and ownership of research data.
If you leave KI, you are not allowed to bring research data to the new university without permission. If you want continued access to data, you can, together with the new university, apply the principle of public disclosure and request that data is disclosed.
In Sweden, on the other hand, as an academic researcher, you have the copyright to the research and education material you create, as well as the ownership of your patentable inventions (the so-called "Professor's privilege" or so-called "lärarundantaget").
In addition to your obligations to KI, a number of reasons justify research documentation:
- Research ethics. Keeping your research organized through documentation is one of the basic principles of research ethics. Further, proper documentation is key to being able to account for the research process (Swedish Research Council, 2017).
- Traceability and reproducibility. For reviewing and troubleshooting data collection and analysis, documentation is pivotal. The same goes for reproduction of research results. Documentation about data ("metadata") is essential to verify or falsify results.
- Accusations of research misconduct and fraud. In case of an allegation of research misconduct or fraud it is pivotal to be able to show documentation of what has been done, by whom, and when.
- Cooperation. Documentation is vital to avoid unnecessary duplication of research activities and to enhance cooperation between peers.
- Legacy. Archived research documentation is part of KI's legacy and a resource for historians and scholars of science.
- Intellectual property and patent. Documentation of intellectual work is a prerequisite for patent applications.
- Documentation ensures that legal demands are met.